Conforming Loan Limits increased


above photo Mel Watt, director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), from left, Jerome Powell, chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve, Steven Mnuchin, U.S. Treasury secretary, and Jay Clayton, chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), listen during a Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) meeting at the U.S. Treasury in Washington, D.C., U.S., on Tuesday, Oct. 16, 2018. Powell said at the meeting he is worried about a spillover from hard Brexit, but stocks and Treasuries showed little reaction. Photographer: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg via Getty Images

 

Today, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) announced conforming loan limits would increase from $453,100 to $484,350.  For higher cost areas (see map below) the new limit will be $726,525.  FHFA was created as the umbrella agency for the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac).

Fannie Mae Headquarters, Washington, DC (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
Freddie Mac Headquarters, McLean, VA (Photo credit should read PAUL J. RICHARDS/AFP/Getty Images)

They purchase home loans from a network of lenders across the nation.  The lenders originate the loans from consumers who are seeking to finance their home purchase or to refinance their existing mortgage.  The lenders also work with mortgage brokers, credit unions and other organizations who have direct contact with consumers.

Once the loans are funded, they are packaged and sent to respective investors (i.e., Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac) and sold as securities, which are backed or collateralized from the property.

 

The Impact

Nationally the average loan amount is $229,000.  The new guidelines take effect for mortgages that originate starting January 1, 2019.  The increase will help those who see home prices continue to rise.

Conforming loans are those where the loan amount is $484,350 OR LESS.  Any loan amount in excess of that loan is defined as a “Non-Conforming” loan.  For borrowers the impact is typically ½ point or 50 basis points on the interest rate.

 

As an example based on current limits

Loan Amount Rate Payment Mo. Difference
$453,100.00 4.81% $1,816.00 -$188.00
$453,101.00 5.31% $2,004.00

The bottom line difference could be approximately $190 each month.  So, while the monthly payment is crucial, the move also provides those with higher loan amounts an additional $31,250 to deal higher prices, while being able to obtain more affordable interest rates.